News

EPJPV Highlight - Research on the benefits of multi-junction solar cells in the Special Issue “WCPEC-8”

Full spectrum utilization by 3-junction solar cell compared to Si solar cell

The Editors-in-Chief of EPJ Photovoltaics, Pere Roca i Cabarrocas and Jean-Louis Lazzari, are pleased to highlight an important paper published recently in the Special Issue on ‘WCPEC-8: State of the Art and Developments in Photovoltaics’.

The article “Overview and loss analysis of III–V single-junction and multi-junction solar cells” is the result of the joint efforts of Masafumi Yamaguchi (Toyota Technological Institute), Frank Dimroth (Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems ISE), Nicholas J. Ekins-Daukes (University of New South Wales), Nobuaki Kojima and Yoshio Ohshita (both from Toyota Technological Institute).

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Sara Pirrone joins the EPJ Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC)

Sara Pirrone

The Scientific Advisory Committee of EPJ is delighted to welcome Dr. Sara Pirrone, as the new representative for the Italian Physical Society.

Sara Pirrone is a Research Director of Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare – Sezione di Catania (Italy). Her activity is mostly in experimental Nuclear Physics regarding in particular the study of nuclear reactions mechanism and dynamics. Principal fields of interest are multifragmentation, fusion and fission reactions, nuclear thermodynamic, isospin, equation of state of nuclear matter. She is also expert in developments of detection systems for charged particles using in heavy ion reactions from few MeV/A to 100 MeV/A.

Sara Pirrone is spokeperson of several experiments and her research is conducted mainly at the INFN-LNS laboratory and at GSI/FAIR Germany in the framework of R3B Collaboration. She is member of the Council of Società Italiana di Fisica (SIF) since 2014 and President of the Equal Opportunity Committee of the SIF since 2017.

Zsolt Fülöp joins the EPJ Scientific Advisory Committee (SAC)

Zsolt Fülöp

The Scientific Advisory Committee of EPJ is delighted to welcome Dr. Zsolt Fülöp, as the new representative for the Roland Eötvös Physical Society (Hungary).

Zsolt Fülöp (1964) is a Hungarian Physicist working in the field of nuclear astrophysics. He started his carrier and is still working at the Institute for Nuclear Physics (ATOMKI), a laboratory in Hungary providing several low energy particle accelerators to be used for interdisciplinary studies.

He organized several conferences, among them the 'Nuclei in the Cosmos' in 2014, the largest nuclear astrophysics event and in 2017 the Science on Stage, a pan-European event for science teachers.

Zsolt Fülöp is a former Chair of the Nuclear Physics Division of the European Physical Society (EPS). He is a Member of Academia Europaea and Chair of the National Research Infrastructure Committee of Hungary. Further information about his publications can be found here.

EPJ E Topical Issue on Tissue Mechanics

Guest Editors: Alexandre Kabla, Benoît Ladoux & Jean-Marc Di Meglio

This Topical Issue of EPJ E presents a collection of contributions at the cutting edge of research in tissue mechanics.

The rich variety of subjects - epithelia submitted to different mechanical, geometrical or topological constraints, collective and cellular dynamics in cell clusters and organoids, embryology, theory of active motions mediated by topological defects, new methods of analysis – reflects the current intense activity of the biophysics community in this domain. The guest editors hope that these contributions will build a bridge between these fundamental approaches and will present the impact of physical principles on the regulation of biological tissues.

All articles are available here and are freely accessible until 28th January 2023. For further information read the Editorial.

EPJ H Editor Jürgen Renn receives 2023 Abraham Pais Prize for History of Physics

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Prof. Jürgen Renn

The prestigious Abraham Pais Prize for History of Physics, awarded each year by the American Physical Society, recognizes outstanding scholarly achievements in the history of physics. Professor Jürgen Renn, Editor of EPJH: Historical Perspectives on Contemporary Physics and Archive for History of Exact Sciences receives the 2023 Abraham Pais Prize for History of Physics "for contributions to the historiography of modern and early modern science, in particular, studies of Albert Einstein; and for contributing scholarship and taking public stances that directly raise the social relevance of science historiography."

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EPJ ST Editor Peter Hänggi awarded 2023 APS Lars Onsager Prize

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Prof. Peter Hänggi

The American Physical Society awards the prestigious Lars Onsager Prize every year to one or several individuals for outstanding research in theoretical statistical physics including the quantum fluids. Professor Peter Hänggi, Universität Augsburg, Germany, Editor of EPJ ST, former Editor-in-Chief of EPJ B and 2007 Chairperson of the EPJ Scientific Advisory Committee receives the 2023 APS Lars Onsager Prize "for the development of Brownian motors and pioneering contributions to nonequilibrium statistical physics, relativistic and quantum thermodynamics."

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EPJ Plus Focus Point on New Technologies for Detection, Protection, Decontamination and Developments of the Decision Support Systems in Case of CBRNe Events

Guest Editors: Andrea Malizia, Parag Chatterjee, Marco D’Arienzo

The global crisis related to the reduction of energy fossil resources, the reduction of potable water resources and the war for the control of energy sources are part of the causes which can lead to an intentional CBRNe (Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and explosive) event. These kinds of events could also be the consequence of an intentional or unintentional release of substances (i.e., an accident of a truck containing a toxic industrial chemical), or of natural events like a tsunami or an earthquake. Especially in today’s global scenario, a sharp rise in the potential risks puts seminal importance on the development of new solutions to prevent such events, handle the emergency situations and restore normalcy.

This special issue highlights some innovative and novel solutions to several CBRNe emergencies scenarios. All articles are available here and are freely accessible until 7 January 2023. For further information, read the Editorial

EPJ H Highlight - Legacy of a molecular dynamics trailblazer

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Chemists Martin Karplus (L) and J. Andrew McCammon (R) in Sweden in 1982

Computer simulations meet biochemistry

Life is motion. And so, to understand how living organisms function, one must understand the movement and reorganisation of the atoms and molecules that compose them. The approach called “molecular dynamics simulation” enables scientists to use computer programmes to simulate the dynamic motion of all the atoms in a molecular system as a function of time.

In a new paper in EPJ H: Historical Perspectives on Contemporary Physics, Daniele Macuglia from Peking University in Beijing, China, Benoît Roux from the University of Chicago, USA, and Giovanni Ciccotti from the University of Rome, Italy, explain how the theoretical chemist Martin Karplus and his team carried out the first molecular dynamics simulation of a large biological molecule, a protein, deeply impacting biology and the physical sciences in the 20th and 21st centuries. Currently, machine learning researchers are using biomolecular simulations to better understand their time-dependent motions and the function that governs the forces between them.

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EPJ C Highlight: Exploring the duality of gravity and gauge theory

Gauge/gravity duality aims to unify leading physical theories. https://commons.wikimedia.org/ wiki/File:Calabi_yau.jpg

This EPJ C Topical Collection presents a series of reviews showcasing the latest developments and applications of gauge/gravity duality, and aims at dissemination to a wider physics community in a way that enables building upon these concepts.

The gauge/gravity duality states that gravity and quantum spacetime emerges, i.e. can be reconstructed from a quantum gauge theory living at the boundary. Over the past 25 years, this duality, with concrete instances uncovered by string theory, has revolutionised our understanding of systems ranging from black holes, to matter made up of strongly interacting quantum particles featuring intricate webs of entanglement. In this Topical Collection, the journal EPJ C presents a collection of articles reviewing the latest advances in the fundamental understanding of this duality and its groundbreaking applications.

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EPJA Topical Collection: The QCD Phase Diagram in Strong Magnetic Fields

Guest Editors: Pedro Costa, Débora Peres Menezes, Vladimir Skokov and Carsten Urbach

Read all articles of this topical collection for free until 2nd January 2023!

In recent years, the impact of strong magnetic fields on the strongly interacting matter phase diagram has been a very active field of research with important developments. The presence of these strong magnetic fields modifies the dynamics of quarks, gluons and hadrons and is expected to have an enormous influence over all regions of the phase diagram: from the first stages of the Universe to the physics of neutron stars and the quark gluon plasma.

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